Table 1

Patients’ Baseline Characteristics

DemographicsN = 101
Male75 (74.3)
Age, yrs61.8 ± 10.5
PerAF onset, days120.6 ± 98.0
CHA₂DS₂-VASc1.6 ± 1.3
BMI, kg/m228.2 ± 4.2
Systolic BP, mm Hg129.9 ± 14.0
Diastolic BP, mm Hg82.0 ± 11.1
LAD, mm43 ± 5
LVEF, %56 ± 8
Coronary artery disease5 (5.0)
Hypertension63 (62.4)
Type II diabetes5 (5.0)
Dyslipidemia20 (19.8)
Smoking22 (21.8)
Alcoholism4 (4.0)
Prior DCCV <12 Months51 (50.5)
Prior stroke/transient ischemic event4 (4.0)
NYHA functional classification
 Subject does not have heart failure46 (45.5)
 I23 (22.8)
 II26 (25.7)
 III5 (5.0)
 IV0 (0)
 Not reported1 (1.0)

Values are n (%) or mean ± SD.

BMI = body mass index; BP = blood pressure; CHA₂DS₂-VASc = congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism, vascular disease, age 65–74 years, sex category; DCCV = direct-current cardioversion; LAD = left atrial diameter; LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction; NYHA = New York Heart Association; PerAF = persistent atrial fibrillation.