Table 2

Patients Experiencing Acute and Long-Term Complications

Acute (0–1 Months)Long-Term (1–36 Months)
Single-Chamber (n = 8,956)Dual-Chamber (n = 60,902)Both (n = 69,858)Single-Chamber (n = 981)Dual-Chamber (n = 7,856)Both (n = 8,837)
All7.68 (688)9.13 (5,559)8.94 (6,247)6.42 (63)5.88 (462)5.94 (525)
Infection1.23 (110)1.14 (694)1.15 (804)2.14 (21)2.46 (193)2.42 (214)
 Endocarditis0.84 (75)0.78 (475)0.79 (550)1.94 (19)2.13 (167)2.10 (186)
 Other (device related)0.42 (38)0.44 (269)0.44 (307)0.20 (2)0.46 (36)0.43 (38)
Thoracic trauma3.51 (314)3.74 (2,278)3.71 (2,592)
 Pneumothorax2.53 (227)3.01 (1,832)2.95 (2,059)
 Hemothorax1.45 (130)1.41 (858)1.41 (988)
Pocket complication0.27 (24)0.26 (160)0.26 (184)1.63 (16)0.88 (69)0.96 (85)
 Hematoma0.15 (13)0.08 (47)0.09 (60)1.43 (14)0.56 (44)0.66 (58)
 Pocket revision0.16 (14)0.19 (114)0.18 (128)0.20 (2)0.33 (26)0.32 (28)
Generator complication0.09 (8)0.06 (37)0.06 (45)0.00 (0)0.06 (5)0.06 (5)
Lead complication requiring revision2.51 (225)3.66 (2,226)3.51 (2,451)2.85 (28)2.84 (223)2.84 (251)
Venous embolism/thrombosis0.35 (31)0.51 (312)0.49 (343)
Cardiac perforation0.25 (22)0.60 (367)0.56 (389)

Values are % (n). Numbers denote the numbers of patients with continuous data available for at least 1 month (acute) and 36 months (long-term).