Micrographs showing the structure of the membranes of red blood cells, frozen at different times (t) after the application of the porating electrical pulse. (A)t = 0.5 ms; (B)t = 3 ms; (C)t = 40 ms; (D)t = 5 s; and (E)t = 10 s. Original magnification: 60,000×.
Reprinted with permission from Chang and Reese (8).
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