The Effect of Contact Force in Atrial Radiofrequency Ablation
Electroanatomical, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and Histological Assessment in a Chronic Porcine Model
Steven E. Williams, James Harrison, Henry Chubb, Lars Ølgaard Bloch, Niels Peter Andersen, Høgni Dam, Rashed Karim, John Whitaker, Jaswinder Gill, Michael Cooklin, C. Aldo Rinaldi, Kawal Rhode, Matthew Wright, Tobias Schaeffter, Won Yong Kim, Henrik Jensen, Reza Razavi and Mark D. O'Neill
(A, B) Contact force distribution during low- and high-force ablation. (C) Change in impedance with catheter–myocardium contact force. (D) Maximal power output (30 W) during ablation for low- and high-force ablation regions.